By Lily L. Tsai
This ebook examines the basic factor of the way electorate get govt officers to supply them with the roads, colleges, and different public prone they want by way of learning groups in rural China. In authoritarian and transitional structures, formal associations for containing govt officers liable are usually vulnerable. the reply, Lily L. Tsai came upon, lies in a community's social associations. even if formal democratic and bureaucratic associations of responsibility are susceptible, govt officers can nonetheless be topic to casual ideas and norms created through neighborhood solidary teams that experience earned excessive ethical status locally.
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Extra info for Accountability Without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China
On one hand, looking at many different localities within the same country has 20 P1: SBT 0521871976c01 CUNY805/Tsai 978 0 521 87197 6 September 22, 2007 17:49 Governance and Institutions of Accountability a major advantage in that it is like working in a laboratory of sorts. The researcher can hold certain conditions constant – such as regime type, political ideology, or history – while focusing on the effects that other factors might have on the outcome of interest: governmental performance and public goods provision.
In other places, localities are experimenting with linking the village committee election to the Party branch election. In these cases, the same person may be both Party secretary and village head. 6 Another reason that many localities encourage villages to have at least some 5 6 Chinese Communist Party issued February 13, 1999, members of the village Party branch should be elected by an assembly of Party members in the village. However, according to Article 30 of Chapter 5 of the revised version of the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party, approved on November 14, 2002, the Party secretary and deputy Party secretary of the village Party branch are subject to approval by higher-level Party organizations.
13 In Shanxi province, retired government ofﬁcials in an old revolutionary district have formed an association to raise funds for rural development (lao gemin qu jianshe chu jinhui). In some villages, these informal arrangements have worked out well, but in others these arrangements do not produce any useful outcomes and are merely for show. Higher-level ofﬁcials can coopt these arrangements for their own beneﬁt. In Fujian province, one village ofﬁcial noted of the adoption system by higher-level bureaus: “The tuanwei, supervision bureau, planning committee, or the general ofﬁce of the county Party committee, however, has no money and no power.
Accountability Without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China by Lily L. Tsai