By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written background of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages contain one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an summary of this significant language kin, together with either historic and sleek languages. After a short creation to the historical past of the family members and its inner class, next chapters conceal issues in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language relations as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra impressive advancements that occur within the person languages. this offers either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra particular good points. The chapters comprise considerable examples from quite a few languages. the entire examples contain morpheme by means of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and available even to these no longer acquainted with a given language. Concluding the publication is a close advisor to additional interpreting, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short creation incorporates a wealthy number of facts, and covers themes no longer often present in brief sketches similar to this. The readability of presentation makes it helpful not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but additionally to the overall linguist or language fanatic who needs to benefit whatever approximately this significant language kin.
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The papers during this quantity derive from the 4th foreign Hamito-Semitic Congress, held in Marburg in 1983. The papers take care of the (morpho)phonology or syntax of person languages or language (sub)families, and lots of have a diachronic perspective.
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Additional resources for A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks)
1 0 RELATIVE CLAUSES In Proto-Semitic, relative clauses could be asyndetic, in which case the antecedent was in the construct state, or syndetic, in which case the antecedent was followed by a determinative relative pronoun that declined for gender, number, and case. 3) and in Sayhadic, with vestiges in Ge'ez, Hebrew, and elsewhere. , a single frozen form survives). ' (Deu!. 1 :1 ) Relative clauses in Arabic exhibit some interesting syntactic restrictions. The relative pronoun itself, which in the Classical and Modem Standard varieties declines for gender and number (and in the dual, also for case), is an Arabic innovation; the in herited Proto-Semitic forms survive in Arabic only as a determi native pronoun ('the one of).
Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. -- -_. -- -- BIBUOGRAPHY 87 Ciancaglini, Claudia A. 2008. Iranian Loanwords in Syriac. Wies baden: Ludwig Reichert. Coffin, Edna Amir, and Shmuel Bolozky. 2005. A Reference Grammar of Modem Hebrew. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer sity Press. Cohen, David.  2003. La phrase nominale et l'evolution du systeme verbal en semitique: Etudes de syntaxe historique. Leu ven: Peeters. Cohen, David, Fran�ois Bron, and Antoine Lonnet. 1994-.
For Modern Hebrew, the most comprehensive grammar is that of Glinert (1989). The more recent works by Coffin and Bolozky (2005) and Glinert (2005), though intended more for students, are also very useful. For a general overview of the history of Hebrew, Kutscher (1982) and Saenz-Badillos (1993) are very good sources. A multi-volume encyclopedia on the Hebrew language is in pro duction (Kban et al. forthcoming), and this is sure to become a major reference work. For Phoenician, the standard reference grammar is that of Friedrich and Rollig (1 999), though Hackett (2004) provides a nice sketch of the language.
A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks) by Aaron D. Rubin